Basics + How-To's Desserts + Sweets Recipe Index Vegetarian + Vegan

Seedo’s Famous Knafeh: Sweet Cheese Pastry with Orange Blossom and Rose Syrup


Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

In our family, we’re each known for a special skill in the kitchen. My dad is the grill master. My sister-in-law introduced us to chocolate pavlova (before I moved to Australia… a premonition?). My husband is the go-to guy for sauces. And my Seedo – grandfather, in Arabic – is the King of Knafeh.

Knafeh is an iconic Middle Eastern dessert of shredded qataifi pastry (or kataifi, per the Greek spelling), encasing gloriously stretchy sweet cheese, studded with almonds and doused in rose and orange blossom syrup. Over an afternoon, I snapped and scribbled away, learning Seedo’s famous recipe, step-by-step. As a boy, he learned it from his father – from whom we all inherited our sweet tooths, apparently – and I believe this may be the first time the recipe has been written down. So, I’m beyond proud to share this important family recipe. Let’s make it!

Step-by-step instructions can be found below each photo.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

As knafeh is essentially a cheese pastry, the first step is to get the right cheese. Jibneh helwe – or sweet cheese – is a firm, white cheese that can be purchased in Middle Eastern shops. It is unsalted and tastes almost identical to fresh mozzarella. If you can’t find jibneh helwe, fresh mozzarella is a good substitute – just be sure to soak it to remove any salt from the preserving water.

Slice about 1kg (2lb) of the cheese into thin pieces, as above, and thoroughly pat dry with a paper towel. Set aside.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Meanwhile, prepare the pastry. You can also find this dough in your Middle Eastern dough – it will be labelled Shredded Thin Dough or Qataifi/Kataifi pastry – and it has the consistency of angel hair. Often it comes frozen – just put it in the fridge the night before.

Remove the dough from the fridge, and cut the strands into rough pieces. Place the pieces in the food processor and shred it until it’s very fine, like tiny cous cous. You can also do this with a pastry cutter and a bit of muscle. You’ll need about 7 generous cups of shredded dough in total: 5 cups for the base, 1+ cups for the sides and 1 last cup to sprinkle at the last step before baking.

At this stage, preheat the oven to 180C / 350F.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Place the shredded dough in a large pot over low heat. Add 2-3 heaping tablespoons of ghee. Ghee is clarified butter, used widely in Middle Eastern and Indian sweets. Veggie Belly has a great recipe for it here, or just substitute butter.

Slowly melt the pastry and ghee, mixing for 5-10 minutes. When it’s warm enough to still handle, and starts clumping together, it’s done. Stir in one more tablespoon of ghee, until you can really clump it together in your hands, like the photo above. Sprinkle a few drops of orange blossom water into the dough, and mix – a special step for extra flavor.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Spread 1-2 more tablespoons of ghee to the bottom of an 11 x 16″ baking tray. This helps the pastry become crunchy  and golden while baking.

Yes, there’s a lot of ghee in this recipe, and in all the best Arabic sweets. “This is not a time to cut back,” advises Seedo. Trust the man, he has been doing this a long time.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Place peeled, blanched almonds in rows, directly onto the ghee-covered tray, about 2-3 inches apart.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Sprinkle a thin layer of pastry crumbs evenly over the almonds. Keep sprinkling until the almonds are completely covered by about 1/2 inch. Then, gently start patting the pastry down with your hand, as above, to compact it.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Continue pressing until the pastry is firmly packed. Seedo presses a small cutting board into the center and corners to achieve the straight edges in the picture above. He takes his time with this process – pressing, ensuring the whole surface is even, pressing again with the cutting board. This is, after all, a labor of love.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Once the pastry is ready, add the cheese. Rest the pieces side by side, touching, in a border along the pan, leaving a 1/4″ gap around the edges.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Continue organizing the cheese until the entire surface of the pastry is covered. We did this together, tessellating the pieces into a cheese maze. Fill in any gaps with extra little bits. If my nephews were around, I’d ask them to help with this step – it’s fun.

Remember that this will all melt together and be flipped over, so the neatness of it isn’t paramount. It’s more important that the cheese slices are the same size, so you have a relatively flat top layer.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Then, use the remaining pastry to fill in the border between the cheese and the edges of the pan. Filling this space will encase the cheese, so it doesn’t spill out everywhere in the oven, and when you cut into it. Use your fingertips or a spoon to press the filling into the edges, so it’s snug.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Once the sides are filled, sprinkle the remaining dough above the top of the cheese. Gently pat it so it sticks. It doesn’t have to be firm. Cover the pan with foil, and place into the oven for 45 minutes. Check it at the 45-minute mark: Does it look deeply golden? If so, take it out. If it’s still just lightly toasted, keep cooking it in 10 minute increments until the color develops.

While it’s baking, you’ll want to make the rose and orange blossom syrup. This is a very simple syrup of 1 part sugar to 1 part water, with generous lashings of orange blossom and rose water added at the end. Follow my recipe for Orange Blossom Syrup here – you’ll need to double it for this knafeh. Feel free to be more generous with your flower waters as well. Seedo adds far more than I generally do, and from now on I’ll do it his way!

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

Remove the knafeh from the oven, uncover it, and let it rest 5 minutes. Then, very carefully invert it: place your (larger) serving dish on top of the baking tray, and flip the pans over so the serving tray is on the bottom. Let rest another 1-2 minutes to let gravity do its work.

Lift the baking tray carefully, revealing the golden, crunchy, aromatic knafeh.

Making Knafeh with Seedo | Wandering Spice

While the knafeh is still piping hot, spoon a generous amount of syrup all over the top, until the syrup soaks into the crunchy pastry. How much you use depends on how sweet your tooth is, so add however much is best for you. Just be sure to cover every corner with syrup for consistency.

Serve immediately, or at room temperature, with extra syrup on the side. And, if you’re feeling as generous as my Seedo, pack some up in a carry case for friends and family to enjoy later.


And that, my friends, is not just a perfect knafeh, but my Seedo’s knafeh, the best one I have ever eaten and one that has kept him the reigning King of Sweets in our family for decades.

As with all family recipes – especially those documented only through oral history – it’s about practice. Only time and great care will yield as perfect a result as his, every time. I feel that in learning how to make his famous dish, and spending that afternoon talking about his childhood, his father, his love for this food, our relationship has grown in a way I couldn’t have expected.

I hope that when you make this – whether you’re trying it for the first time, or it’s an old favorite – that you feel it’s special, too.

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  • Reply Carla 11/08/2017 at 12:25 pm

    I’ve found your post years later and am so thankful to find a traditional knafeh recipe. Thank you for sharing and taking the time to have your Seedo pass on his Brasil recipe to the next generation – in today’s busy world we often forget to stop and learn the traditions of our culture, taking it for granted that these will always be there in an ever changing society. Much appreciation ❤️

  • Reply Namie @EatwithMe Istanbul 04/02/2017 at 1:36 am

    Hi Yasmeen, I just discovered your blog while looking for orange cake and got drawn to this post because I love Knafeh! It’s called Kunefe and its was interesting to see the similarities and differences between two. I’m an ex-Sydney resident and now live in Turkey. Thank you so much for all the delicious recipes and gorgeous photos!

  • Reply pastrylover 24/01/2017 at 4:23 am

    Hi there!

    Thank you so much for sharing this wonderful recipe. Envy that you had such a loving seedo. All the best!

  • Reply Lidya 12/07/2016 at 12:22 pm

    Business Insider introduced me to this dish. I was so distraught because theres no way I can buy it since I live in Japan. And God Bless your Seedo and You for sharing this devination. Looking forward on making it. Since I cant find the arabic pastry you used, i thought of toasting cookie crumbles as a substitute. I hope this works.

    • Reply leah gordon 30/05/2017 at 10:19 am

      Lidya, I read your post on Kanafah. I think maybe if they do not carry Philo dough in Japan, that maybe spring roll wrappers may work.I only suggest this as it is very sweet once the syrup is added. With the cookie crumbs that you suggest, I fear it may be way to sweet. Best of luck and enjoy!

  • Reply Pastry Round-Up: Mochi Doughnuts, Chocolate Chip and Chickpea Flour Cookies, and Knafeh | Buttery. Salted. Caramel. 21/05/2016 at 5:01 am

    […] Knafeh. During my research for a Mediterranean-themed dessert tasting, I found this post for knafeh, a traditional Greek pastry made with kataifi (shredded filo), sweet cheese, and orange blossom syrup. In this post, Australian food blogger Yasmeen provides a delightful guide for making knafeh but what made this post poignant was its closing paragraphs: […]

  • Reply Andrew 26/02/2016 at 3:14 am

    thank you and your grandfather; I look forward to making this over the coming weeks!

  • Reply Yafa Sakkejha 14/11/2015 at 11:05 pm

    You are a legend!

  • Reply Eggplant & Cauliflower Maqloubeh | Wandering Spice 27/09/2015 at 10:06 pm

    […] our usual Sunday market trip, I got a text from my parents, who were out fetching a tray of knafeh for the next day’s Eid celebration at their house. The family would be coming over, as […]

  • Reply kelsey 28/02/2015 at 5:44 am

    Can he be my grandpa too?

  • Reply Noor 22/08/2014 at 5:40 am

    This is seriously the best post ever. Your grandfather mashAllah and his recipe, I love it and thank you for sharing.

  • Reply Mrs Mulberry 17/08/2014 at 8:51 am

    Hi Yasmeen, what a beautiful post. How lucky you are to have such a wonderful grandfather and thank you so much for sharing this family recipe xx

  • Reply Padaek 07/08/2014 at 11:56 pm

    This post is brilliant!! Your Seedo is so attentive and focused. I love his orange shirt. And the knafeh looks beyond delicious! Great work Yasmeen! Thanks for sharing this. 🙂

  • Reply ira 23/05/2014 at 4:29 pm

    Hi Yasmeen, I am really happy reading this, I m now studying in Jordan and we Malaysians really love the knafeh. And I m wondering how to make this super duper dilicious dessert. Thank You for sharing 🙂

  • Reply #TryingStuffInJordan, Part 1 » 3Up Adventures3Up Adventures 29/04/2014 at 1:17 am

    […] the Royal Jordanian headquarters, we took a trip through the Suq eating green almonds, dates, and knafeh and feasting our eyes on all the other goods in the […]

  • Reply Maree 28/04/2014 at 7:39 am

    Thank you Yasmeen, not only for sharing this great family recipe, but sharing these sweet photos of your Seedo with us. Enjoying your recipes.

  • Reply Syrupy Phyllo and Semolina Custard Pie | Wandering Spice 02/04/2014 at 10:06 pm

    […] is the standard simple syrup that drenches the most famous of Middle Eastern sweets, like knafeh, baklawa and layali lubnan. Note that it must not be stirred while boiling – stirring […]

  • Reply Nami | Just One Cookbook 10/12/2013 at 5:47 am

    Hi Yasmeen! Thank you so much for sharing the family recipe and I really enjoyed seeing your grandfather’s work! My grandfather never stood in the kitchen (typical Japanese men at that time). What a lovely post! And the Knafeh looks so delicious!

    • Reply Yasmeen 11/12/2013 at 1:06 pm

      Interesting to hear about your grandfather, Nami. In Middle Eastern culture it’s not particularly common for men to be in the kitchen (in my grandfather’s days at least, it’s definitely changing now… my dad is a gem n the kitchen!). Seedo explained to me, though, that his dad was quite the dessert maker, and that it wasn’t uncommon for men to be involved in making sweets.

      I thought this was really interesting since I imagined it would have been a woman’s domain in those days. Apparently not!

  • Reply Audrey Wenrich 10/12/2013 at 3:53 am

    I’m so thrilled that you posted this recipe! Knafe bin jibna is such a special treat! I have been craving ever since I first tasted it in Palestine! Thank you, thank you, thank you!

    • Reply Yasmeen 11/12/2013 at 1:05 pm

      What a lovely comment, Audrey, thanks so much for stopping by. It is a special treat and I know this recipe will definitely not steer you wrong. We all really love it, and somehow, it never feels too heavy (which is a good thing, considering all that butter! 🙂

  • Reply Jess 09/12/2013 at 4:18 pm

    Oh I just loved this, Yasmeen! Thank you for sharing such a special family tradition! This looks fantastic.

    • Reply Yasmeen 11/12/2013 at 1:04 pm

      Thanks so much, Jess. It means a lot to me that you enjoyed this!

  • Reply Asha Shivakumar 07/12/2013 at 4:51 am

    What a precious post.
    Love this dessert, one of my favorites.

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:33 am

      Thanks, Asha. So glad you like knafeh – this post has revealed to me that it’s loved by a lot of readers, which is so nice to hear.

  • Reply samir 06/12/2013 at 9:01 pm

    wonderful recipe and post and pics! father lovingly made this for us..he was from Jordan..but always used drained ricotta here in the US..also first time I have seen the dough pulsed smaller that a variation from his local town?

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:34 am

      Ricotta is such a great idea – it would be similar to ashta I’m guessing. I think the pulsed dough is a regional adaptation. He’s from Jerusalem – I’ll check with him if this was a local method or one he preferred over the years.

  • Reply Abeer 06/12/2013 at 1:34 pm

    This is such a treat, and to see it being done step by step is divine!
    And the most precious is watching Ammy Khalil make it.

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:34 am

      It was a real treat for me to witness him making it! 🙂

  • Reply Hannah 06/12/2013 at 11:35 am

    So many Feels in this post!! Gorgeous.

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:35 am

      So many feels. Pretty proud he shared the recipe with me… I believe I’m the first to have learned it step by step and written it down. Might carve it in stone now so it’s never lost!

  • Reply Jessica 06/12/2013 at 11:22 am

    Oh my goodness, that looks divine! This is, hands down, my favorite dessert, but I have never made it. I’m going to give it a try!!!

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:35 am

      So glad you love it so much, Jessica! I’d love to hear your thoughts after trying it. Let me know if you need any help along the way.

  • Reply Mimi 06/12/2013 at 10:22 am

    His knafeh looks bangin!

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:35 am

      It’s the best I’ve ever had… and I’ve tasted MANY, trust me 🙂

  • Reply Rosa 05/12/2013 at 11:26 pm

    Oh, that is one of my favorite desserts! This knafeh looks really tempting.



    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:36 am

      Thanks, Rosa. Several people have mentioned this one looks different to what they’re used to. Is it similar to ones you’ve had?

      • Reply Rosa 09/12/2013 at 7:51 pm

        It is different from the ones I’ve had… They were all made with kataifi.

  • Reply leaf 05/12/2013 at 9:59 pm

    You had me at “cheese pastry”. Love seeing the step-by-step photos of your grandfather at work on this wonderful treat!

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:36 am

      It’s an unbeatable combination: cheese, pastry, butter and syrup. How could you go wrong?

  • Reply Elizabeth@thebackyardlemontree 05/12/2013 at 9:49 pm

    What a gorgeous story and recipe to go with. Your grandfather looks like a master sweet maker at work.

    • Reply Yasmeen 09/12/2013 at 11:36 am

      He really is – his reputation is well earned. Nobody messes with his sweets in our family.

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